What is Morbid Obesity and what are the health risks?

what is Morbid Obesity

More than 5% of men and 10% of women in America are morbidly obese. This is a concerning condition because it has been linked with several health conditions such as diabetes, cancer, alzheimer's etc.

What Is Morbid Obesity?

A person who is said to have a BMI of 25 is said to be overweight, BMI of 30 is obese and then comes people who have a BMI of more than 35, morbidly obese. These people are ultra obese and are at a risk of many diseases.

BMI: A way of measuring and determining if you have the right weight as per your height. It helps figure out the body fat and to know if a person has a healthy weight for their size or not.

What Are The Risks Involved?

Being overweight is a bit concerning, being obese is a lot concerning and morbid obesity is a completely different ballgame. This is because there are many potent risks involved with people who are morbidly obese.

Here are some of the risks that come with morbid obesity:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Heart disease and blood lipid abnormalities
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Gynecologic and other cancers
  • Premature death
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Gallstones
  • Sleep apnea ( breathing stops during sleep)
  • Reproductive problems

Looking at the risks, it is obvious that this kind of obesity poses life threatening risks.

What Causes It?

Nutritionists have linked improper diet with morbid obesity. According to them, people who are morbidly obese go overboard when it comes to consuming calories.

They eat more calories than what their bodies can handle and as a result of which, the calories aren’t used up by the body but converted into fats and stored in the body. Hence the rapid weight gain and a chubby appearance.

Too much fats in your body can make you morbidly obese which is why such people need to have control on their diets.

There are some other factors too that contribute towards this immense weight gain. They include stress, lack of sleep, genetics, anxiety, bad eating habits etc. However, among these, diet has been labeled as the number one culprit.

Treating Morbid Obesity With a Proper Diet

Before you come to a diet, you need to learn which diet should you opt for as per your body needs. The easiest and the right way to determine that is to visit a nutritionist and have them recommend you a diet which is perfect for your body.

To lose a lot of weight at once can be problematic which your nutritionist will probably tell you in the beginning. They will let also provide you with a diet plan and help you get healthy, but remember that the whole process may take some time.

This way, you will have peace of mind at knowing that the diet you’ll be taking is safe and won’t contribute to any health risks and cause problems in the future.

Here are a few diet plans that can help you lose weight in a healthy manner: 

Low Carb Diet

A low carb diet is all about reducing weight but in a strategic way. Carbs are said to cause weight gain which is why one of the simplest remedies to lose weight is to limit them in your diet.

In case of morbid obesity, one may think of totally cutting them off but that might cause more problems.

What you need to do here is to consult a diet expert and get to know the amount of carbs you need to cut off so as to start reducing weight in a healthy way.

Foods To Eat In A Low Carb Diet 

Fish: They are high in proteins and are loaded with health benefits. Fish like trout, salmon, haddock etc., can be eaten in a low carb diet as they have zero carbs in them.

Fruits: Fruits that are low in carbs can be included in the diet. They include pears, apple, blueberries, watermelon, strawberries, cucumbers and peaches.

Vegetables: Bell peppers, cauliflower, mushrooms, spinach, carrots, zucchini, broccoli etc, can be eaten when you’re on a low carb diet.

Specific Dairy: Mozzarella, cheddar, gouda, and goat cheese can be included as they have less than 1g of carb per ounce. Also, heavy cream and yogurt can be taken.

Seeds And Nuts: Almonds, pine nuts, brazil nuts, walnuts, pecans etc., can be eaten as they are low in carbs. 

Eggs: Omega-3 enriched eggs and pastured eggs can be taken in a low-carb diet.

Oils: it is important that you use oils which are low on carbs so that they don’t contribute to weight gain. Olive oil, cosh fish liver oil, lard etc., are the right choice.

Foods Not To Eat In A Low Carb Diet? 

Sugar: Ice creams, juices, cold drinks, candies and other sugar rich foods should be avoided.

Trans Fats: Strictly prohibited since they are high in carbs, especially, hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated trans fats.

Dairy Products: Avoid all dairy products as they are high in carbs.

Processed Foods: Factory made foods are restricted.

Gluten Grains: Wheat, Barley, rye, spelt, and other grain containing foods such as bread and pasta should be avoided as they are loaded with lots of carbs.

Vegetable Oils: Canola, sunflower and soybean oils should be avoided.

Sweeteners: Sucralose, aspartame (found in diet coke), saccharin etc., that are found in many beverages and juices should be restricted.

what is Morbid Obesity

How A Low Carb Diet Helps Morbidly Obese People To Lose Weight?

Suppresses Hunger: Elevated blood sugar levels make you want to eat more but this is controlled when you are on a low carb diet, hence reduced hunger. This helps to limit meals and also keeps your meals small because you don't feel hungry.

Promotes Good Cholesterol: HDL, a type of good cholesterol, aids in excreting bad cholesterol from the body. A low carb diet promotes good cholesterol in the body.

Cuts Off Sugar And Carbs: Both carbs and sugar are prime culprits when it comes to weight gain. A low carb diet restricts both and helps to lose weight rapidly.

The Verdict

Morbid obesity is concerning which is why instant precautions must be taken, especially in terms of diet. A low carb diet, if followed with strict principles, can help reduce excess weight with results beginning to show within three weeks.